Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Because we live in an automated, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness comes down to one number.
All the years you've been paying your various bills: your mortgage, car payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, sliced, diced, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
Each of the three credit agencies has its own formula for building your credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While the formulas vary from one agency to another, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors in building a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of lending you money?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most people who want to get a mortgage loan have a score above 620.
FICO makes a difference in interest rates
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are probably a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must appeal incorrect items on your credit report.)
How do I find out my credit score?
Before you can improve your score, you must know your score and make sure that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the corporation that invented the original FICO score, offers FICO scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive to quickly get your FICO score from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are helpful information and online tools that can help you improve your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and very inexpensive.
Armed with this info, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at 360-570-0106.